Iran’s parliament curtailed its own power to block a nuclear deal with world powers Sunday, effectively removing a long-standing threat that a final accord could be torn up by lawmakers.
But the proposed legislation also bans inspections of nuclear sites that go beyond “conventional” visits, which could complicate progress on the negotiations with leading world powers.
A draft bill presented Wednesday, which laid down strict criteria for Iran to accept any agreement, had threatened to complicate talks on a final accord, which are due to be finalized by June 30.
However, in a boost to President Hassan Rouhani’s government, key amendments to the proposed legislation will now move the formal supervision of a deal out of the hands of lawmakers.
The original text had set criteria that parliament would have to say had been met for an agreement to be binding. But the amended bill instead gives the right of supervision to the country’s Supreme National Security Council (SNSC).
The council comprises ministers, military commanders and handpicked appointees of supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Chaired by Rouhani, who is pushing hard for a nuclear deal, it is ultimately controlled by Khamenei, who will have the final word on any nuclear accord.
“Whatever decision the leader takes in this regard, we should obey in parliament,” speaker Ali Larijani said after 199 MPs voted for the amendments in the 290-member chamber. “We should not tie the hands of the leader.”
Only three MPs opposed the changes and five abstained, with six not voting and dozens more absent.
Although the sponsor of the original bill, Alaedin Boroujerdi, the chairman of parliament’s national security and foreign policy committee, said it was designed to insulate Iran’s negotiators from the West’s “excessive demands,” Larijani suggested otherwise.
“We want to help the country and not create new problems,” he said, referring to the need to coordinate with the SNSC.
According to the official IRNA news agency Larijani earlier told Ahmad Tavakoli, a conservative MP critical of the bill being delayed: “We are not discussing the sale of potatoes, but an important issue for the country.”
IRNA cited Rouhani as saying that “in the current situation, in order to advance the country and resolve its problems, we need to help each other more.”
Iran and the P5+1 powers (Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States plus Germany) agreed the outlines of the nuclear deal on April 2 after intensive talks went past a March 31 deadline.
Major roadblocks that remain include the West’s ability to enforce tighter inspections of Iran’s nuclear sites and other facilities.
Iranian officials insist there can be no inspections of military sites and the legislation published Sunday forbids access beyond “conventional supervision” of nuclear sites.
Any deal will still have to be ratified by Tehran’s parliament but it would be highly unlikely by that stage that lawmakers would oppose a text approved by the SNSC.
The bill stipulates the need to lift all sanctions imposed on Iran as punishment for its nuclear program, under which leading states have suspected the Islamic Republic of developing a bomb.
However, the altered draft law is now more specific and says sanctions must be lifted “on the day Iran starts implementing its obligations,” as opposed to “on the day of an agreement.”
World powers insist that Iran’s compliance must be verified if sanctions are to be removed, despite earlier insistence by Tehran that the measures, mostly economic, cease immediately.
In a sign of greater flexibility, Rouhani said on June 13 that “weeks or even months will pass” between signing and implementing the deal, which involves U.N., EU and U.S. sanctions being removed.
In a measure that mirrors that taken in Tehran, President Barack Obama has given U.S. lawmakers 30 days to review a nuclear deal.
Iran denies its nuclear program has military objectives, insisting it is for purely peaceful energy development purposes.
France’s Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said Sunday it was unclear whether a deal could be reached by the June 30 deadline.
Fabius has said he would meet his Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif Monday to assess where Iran stands ahead of the final round of talks on its nuclear program, which begin later in the week.
“We need to be extremely firm, at the stage where we are now, things are still not clear,” Fabius said in talks with Israeli premier Benjamin Netanyahu.
Monday’s bilateral meeting, on the sidelines of an EU foreign ministers’ summit in Luxembourg, will be followed by a meeting between Zarif and all the European parties negotiating with Iran.
“Toward the end of next week the ministers will go [to the talks], so I’d like to have an explanation and conversation to see where the Iranians are,” Fabius said in Cairo Saturday, on the first day of the two-day Middle East visit.