Australia census: Five takeaways from a changing country

Modern Australia has been built on immigration, and the latest census confirms this, finding that almost half (49%) of all Australians were born overseas or had at least one parent born abroad.

But fewer of those arriving in Australia are coming from Europe – once the dominant source of migrants for a country that restricted immigration until the 1970s under the “White Australia” policy.

The 2016 census found that 40% of the overseas-born population were born in Asia, marking the first time more people have come from there than Europe.

In 2001, just 24% of those born overseas came from Asia.

In comparison, the proportion born in Europe decreased from 52% in 2001 to 34% in 2016.